40,000 Irish-born people emigrated last year

40,000 Irish-born people emigrated last year More Irish people are leaving the country than immigrants who came here during the boom, a detailed study has found.

New research from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) shows more than 76,000 people left the country last year.

Of this figure — which has almost trebled compared to the 29,000 who emigrated in 2005 — more than 40,000 of these people were originally from Ireland.

The 40,000 figure outstrips the remaining 36,000 of departees, of whom the majority were from the original eight EU countries, with the rest mainly born in recently added EU states — about 15,600 people.

The surge in emigration has been put down to the recent collapse in the country’s economy, with Ireland losing almost 300,000 jobs since the financial crisis began.

However, surprisingly, the OECD research has also found that during this same period there has been a small but notable rise in the number of people arriving or returning to Ireland over the past 18 months.

While overall immigration levels have plunged from 110,000 in 2007 to 42,000 last year, the 2011 rate is still 11,000 higher than just 12 months earlier.

According to the OECD, this small rise is due to an increase in Irish people returning home, and immigration from within and outside of the EU.

Despite the economic crash, the number of Irish ex-pats returning to the land of their birth rose from 133,000 to 171,000 between 2010 and 2011.

While immigration from within the EU remains five times smaller than it was before the economic crash, it still rose by 55% — to 9,000 — over the same 12-month period, while non-EU immigration is up 61%.

The detailed study also notes that there has been a significant fall-off in the number of requests for asylum in Ireland in recent years, with the latest annual rate the lowest since 1996.

In 2011, the number of people seeking asylum in Ireland because of wars or other threats stood at just 1,250.

This is down from a high of 11,634 in 2002, and is the lowest annual asylum application figure since 1996.

The OECD said this dramatic fall is mainly the result of the 2003 Immigration Act and the 2004 Irish Nationality and Citizenship Act, which withdrew "birthright citizenship" entitlements for expectant parents coming to Ireland.

The independent thinktank also found that the number of employment permits in Ireland has fallen in the past two years.

* www.oecd.org

Source: http://www.irishexaminer.com/ireland/40000-irish-born-people-emigrated-last-year-198914.html

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Posted by ISAA Site Administrator on 29/06/2012 11:28:56 | Filed under: emigration

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